Fracking is the process of injecting millions of gallons of water, sand and chemicals - some of them toxic - into underground formations to split up rock and release natural gas. Fracking operations require millions of gallons of water. Fracking proponents say the practice is safe and will create jobs while producing cheap, clean-burning domestic fuel.
New Jersey shares watersheds with New York and Pennsylvania, where a vast, gas-rich underground formation called the Marcellus Shale has become ground zero for the fracking debate in the eastern United States. The Marcellus Shale underlies 36 percent of the Delaware River basin, which provides water to 15 million people in New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. (Truth Out, 6/30/2011)